The Japanese School of Melbourne is an independent school providing Japanese education to the Japanese children from Prep (5 yrs old) to Year 9 (15 yrs old) who are residing in Melbourne area. The curriculum is based on the guideline of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology and the programs of all the subjects are reviewed annually. School hours match schools in Japan. Subjects taught are Japanese, Social Study, Living Study, Science, Mathematics, Music, Arts, Physical Education, Home-economics and English. All are taught in Japanese except English and English as a second language (ESL). We have increased the number of English lessons and incorporated ESL into the curriculum. Our students are mainly children of expatriates and their enrolment is limited to 2 to 5 years. After Year 9, most return to Japan to enter High School. The school strives for the highest standard in Japanese education to enable students to successfully complete their education in Japan. The School is recognized as a specific purpose school by Victoriaâ€™s Department of Education. Students take a NAPLAN test to increase English proficiency but because the Japanese curriculum is taught in Japanese, NAPLAN does not provide an accurate comparison with other Australian schools, or reflect studentsâ€™ performances and abilities.